Publications and Research Tools/Resources


D’Arrigo, R., Ziviani, J., Poulsen, A. A., Copley, J., & King, G. (2018). Measures of parent engagement for children receiving developmental or rehabilitation interventions: A systematic review. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, 38(1), 18-38. doi:10.1080/01942638.2017.1373723

D’Arrigo, R., Ziviani, J., Poulsen, A. A., Copley, J., & King, G. (2017). Child and parent engagement in therapy: What is the key? Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 64(4), 340-343. doi:10.1111/1440-1630.12279

King, G., Chiarello, L. A., Thompson, L., McLarnon, M. J., W., Smart, E., Ziviani, J., & Pinto, M. (2017). Development of an observational measure of therapy engagement for pediatric rehabilitation. Disability and Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/09638288.2017.1375031

Research Tools

Pediatric Rehabilitation Intervention Measure of Engagement – Service Provider version (PRIME-SP)

Pediatric Rehabilitation Intervention Measure of Engagement – Observation version (PRIME-O)


Peer-reviewed conference presentations:

King, G., Chiarello, L., Ideishi, R., McLarnon, M., & Ziviani, J. (2017, March). Therapy engagement: What is it? How does it manifest and enhance therapeutic interventions with children and families?  Workshop presentation at the 2017 AOTA Annual Conference & Centennial Celebration, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Poulsen, A. A., Ziviani, J., Copley, J., King, G., & D’Arrigo, R. (2016, October). Understanding and improving therapeutic engagement: The PRIME project. Oral presentation at The Northern Territory and Queensland Division Occupational Therapy Conference: Practitioners for the Future, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

King, G. (2016, June). Engagement of children, youth and families in therapy. Keynote presentation at the International Conference on Cerebral Palsy and other Childhood-onset Disabilities: Challenge the Boundaries, Stockholm, Sweden.

Non-peer-reviewed presentations:

Chiarello, L. (2018, May). Family-centered care and engagement. Presentation at Drexel University, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Center for Family Intervention Science Speaker Series, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. (Link)

Keenan, S., King, G., Magee, J., Smart, E., & DeFinney, A. (2017). Engagement in therapy: Conversations about clinical practice and client and family experiences. Presentation at Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. (Video without audio description) (Video with audio description)


Related publications by the research team (names of research team members are in bold):

Cuskelly, M., & King, G. (2013). Know the child: Maximizing engagement and persistence in therapy. In J. Ziviani, A. A. Poulsen, & M. Cuskelly (Eds.), The art and science of motivation: A therapist’s guide to working with children (pp. 193-224). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Igoe, D., Peralta, C., Jean, L., Vo, S., Yep, L. N., Zabjek, K., & Wright, V. F. (2011). A pilot evaluation of the test-retest score reliability of the Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire in preschool-aged children. Infants & Young Children, 24(3): 280-291. doi:10.1097/IYC.0b013e31821bd7c8

James, S., Ziviani, J., King, G., & Boyd, R. N. (2016). Understanding engagement in home-based interactive computer play: Perspectives of children with unilateral cerebral palsy and their caregivers. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, 36(4), 343-358. doi:10.3109/01942638.2015.1076560

King, G., Currie, M., & Petersen, P. (2014). Child and parent engagement in the mental health intervention process: A motivational framework. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 19(1), 2-8. doi:10.1111/camh.12015

King, G., Desmarais, C., Lindsay, S., Piérart, G., & Tétreault, S. (2015). The roles of effective communication and client engagement in delivering culturally sensitive care to immigrant parents of children with disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 37(15), 1372-1381. doi:10.3109/09638288.2014.972580

King, G., Schwellnus, H., Keenan, S., & Chiarello, L. A. (2018). Youth engagement in pediatric rehabilitation: Service providers’ perceptions in a real-time study of solution-focused coaching for participation goals. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/01942638.2017.1405864

King, G., & Ziviani, J. (2015). What does engagement look like? Goal-directed behavior in therapy. In A. A. Poulsen, J. Ziviani, & M. Cuskelly (Eds.), Goal setting and motivation in therapy: Engaging children and parents (pp. 70-79). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Miller, L., Ziviani, J., Ware, R. S., & Boyd, R. N. (2016). Does context matter? Mastery motivation and therapy engagement of children with cerebral palsy. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics, 36(2), 155-170. doi:10.3109/01942638.2015.1076556

Poulsen, A. A., Ziviani, J., & Cuskelly, M. (Eds.). (2015). Goal setting and motivation in therapy: Engaging children and parents. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Smart, E., Aulakh, A., McDougall, C., Rigby, P., & King, G. (2017). Optimizing engagement in goal pursuit with youth with physical disabilities attending life skills and transition programs: An exploratory study. Disability and Rehabilitation, 39(20), 2029-2038. doi:10.1080/09638288.2016.1215558

Ziviani, J., Poulsen, A. A., & Cuskelly, M. (Eds.). (2013). The art and science of motivation: A therapist’s guide to working with children. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Ziviani, J., Poulsen, A., King, G., & Johnson, D. (2013). Motivation and paediatric interventions: Is it a predisposition, a mechanism for change, or an outcome? Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 55(10), 965-966. doi:10.1111/dmcn.12179

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